Are you interested in Hadoop? With SQL Server 2016 just around the corner, a powerful new feature is being included called PolyBase. To summarize what it is, just think about it as a marriage between SQL Server and Hadoop. It is a way to store and query data on HDFS using SQL Server.
HDFS is a distributed file system that works differently than what we’re used to in the Windows OS side of things; the general principle is to use cheap commodity hardware that replicates data in order to account for availability and to prevent loss of data. With that in mind, it makes a great use case to store a lot of data cheaply for archiving purposes or can be used to store large quantities of data that been to be processed in large quantities as well.
For more information please visit: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt143171.aspx
Now if you want to try it out for yourself, make sure you install the PolyBase Engine (from the SQL Server setup) and feel free to try the modified code sample below.